Lip plasty is a form of cosmetic surgery, the main goal of which is to achieve the maximum reconstructive and aesthetic effect. Thanks to the procedure, you can increase or decrease the volume, correct the shape, remove congenital consequences (for example, "cleft palate"), smooth the skin.
To perform the manipulation, a surgical or injection method is used.
Lip plastic corrects thin, dry, asymmetrical lips and wrinkles in this area.
Such plastic is performed by surgical (V-Y plastic, megaphone, thread lifts, reconstructive surgeries), injection (fillers, lipofilling) and non-injection (electroporation) methods.
Lip correction is suitable for people with problems such as:
- Availabilitywrinklesaround the mouth;
- differentvolumeslower and upper lip;
- Rabbit lip.
Even if a person does not have such indications and is not satisfied with the shape or volume, he can easily turn to a specialist and get an operation on the lips.
But there are contraindications. It is impossible to do plastic surgery to enlarge the upper or lower lip:
- People who haveTattoo;
- People who have occasionallyHerpes;
- People, whooncologicalDiseases and epilepsy.
What not to do before the increase
There are no strict rules for preparing lip augmentation with a filler. Experts recommend stopping alcohol consumption, pain relievers, and vitamin E.
Do not massage the lips as this will improve blood circulation which can lead to bleeding.
Methods of increasing lip volume
Cheiloplasty is a method of increasing and correcting the shape and contour of the lips using injections or lipofilling.
This is an injectable lip plasty. With the help of such a drug, plastic is made with a gel. Those who do not want to undergo plastic surgery for lip augmentation can use this special method. To carry out such a procedure, the doctor first determines the injection sites and, together with the patient, selects a specific type of filler.
To enlarge the lips, you can use not only silicone implants, but also inserts made of foamed polytetrafluoroethylene.
Synthetic polymer is very soft, easy to compress. This means that the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene looks as natural as possible.
These types include synthetic - made on the basis of silicone, but very often they can cause allergic reactions and various inflammations, and biocompatible - based on collagen, hyaluronic acid and made from patient tissue.
Hyaluronic acid moisturizes the skin and enables collagen synthesis. After the selected filler, it is injected into a sterilized syringe, and then injected under the skin, often under the crease, and until the skin becomes smooth. In addition, this procedure can be used not only for lip augmentation, but also for plastic surgery after an injury.
After the procedure, you are not allowed to apply makeup, touch the lip or massage for about 6 hours. Before and after the procedure, it is recommended to take drugs that increase blood viscosity. Do not visit solariums or saunas until the swelling has gone down.
This method is not sustainable. The injection can remain under the skin for about 1. 5 years. After that, the effect of hyaluronic acid disappears. The lips become what they were before the procedure.
This is an operation that allows you to both increase the volume of the lip and change its shape. This procedure is performed based on the patient's adipose tissue. Plastic to change shape is performed surgically.
First, the doctor removes fat cells from the hips, stomach or knees with liposuction. To clean fat, it undergoes a special procedure that removes damaged fat cells and blood.
Then this fat is injected into the lip through small punctures, they are placed in the skin folds. Surgical lip augmentation with lipofilling is performed under general or local anesthesia. After the operation, the patient does not feel any pain. The injected fat tends to keep the shape of the lips for life.
Silicone is used to make these implants. After injected into the skin, it does not harm the body. It also doesn't decompose. This subcutaneous implant can be easily removed if desired.
And to make an implant from natural materials, tissues from the groin are used. In this case, the patient does not experience any allergic reactions. A scar may remain where the tissue was removed. As with lipofilling, lip augmentation plastic surgery takes about 30-60 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia.
Changes in the shape of the lips
Cheiloplasty of the lips also involves surgeries to change the shape. So there are three techniques.
This technique involves making V-shaped incisions. They are performed on the inside of the lips. Then they are sewn in a Y-shape. Depending on how many incisions there will be, it depends on how much the upper lip can be enlarged.
Upper lip shortening is a method in which the skin along the length of the lips is removed in the shape of an ellipse. This fragment allows you to shorten to the required length.
Corner lift with thread
This lip augmentation is called a thread lift. Threads for the operation are made to sew up wounds. They are called mesothreads.
They are made of materials that do not cause allergies. Such an operation is performed in this way: the doctor makes the necessary punctures through which the threads are inserted and stitched.
It won't take much time - just 40 minutes. Thanks to this operation, a frame is created under the skin that keeps the shape of the lips. After a few years, these threads dissolve, but the shape remains the same. Anyone can do this procedure from the age of 25, since there are no medical contraindications.
technique "inverted lips"
The technique is popular because plump and voluminous lips are considered the ideal of beauty. Cosmetology today offers several ways to increase it, but the most popular is the "inverted lips" or French technique.
It is often only used on the upper lip, as this is the area most prone to age-related changes. This method allows you to tighten the corners of the lips and prevent them from sagging, which makes the face tired.
A feature of the procedure is the vertical introduction of the composition, which does not affect the contour of the lips. Thus only volume is created. This technique is used only for a slight increase in the size of the lips, but it is not used to correct asymmetry.
Reconstructive plastic surgery of the lips (compulsory surgery)
There are several types.
Removal of biopolymer gel
A few years later, after the patient underwent lip augmentation, the applied gel began to fuse with the lip and it did not look very pleasant, to put it mildly. To avoid such consequences, the gel can be removed. This can also be done with the help of cheiloplasty.
The operation is performed as follows: First, silicone is removed from the mouth area. This is done by making incisions in specific areas. Then the gel is pumped out. The second step is to restore the normal shape of the lips. Such surgical cheiloplasty is performed under local anesthesia and lasts no more than an hour.
Gum smile elimination
According to statistics, about 10-15% of people on the entire planet have a so-called bubblegum smile. A gingival smile is when more than 2mm of a person's jaw is visible. Because of this, some have complexes, because when you smile, the entire upper jaw is visible. You can get rid of it too. This procedure can be performed in a number of ways. The first is that the doctor performs the plastic surgery of the upper lip with the help of injections.
Next, he injects botulinum toxin in specific areas where the muscles are located. After that, muscle activity decreases somewhat and no longer increases as much. However, since botulinum toxin can dissolve, this process must be repeated several times a year. The second method is surgery.
In this surgery, incisions are made through the nose to undercut the muscle. After that, the muscle lengthens a bit and begins to move less vigorously. This surgery is better than inserting an injection because it has to be done once and the lip stays in a normal condition for life.
Cleft Lip Repair
A cleft lip is a defect that occurs in a person from birth. This is because the tissues of the nasal cavity and upper jaw do not have time to grow together in the womb. This pathology can occur in 2500 children. Of course, there are ways to reduce it or get rid of it altogether. A cleft lip is not a complicated operation. It is available to everyone.
Before performing such an operation, an examination of the patient is necessary. After that, the type of operation is selected depending on the state in which it is. There are the following types of plastic:
- cheiloplastyIt is carried out in such a way that during the correction the upper lip is cut, and then the necessary tissues are connected. Then tampons are inserted into the nose so that the seams do not diverge. After 10 days, these threads are removed. And to avoid complications after removing the sutures, special tubes are inserted into the nasal passages for up to 3 months.
- rhinocheiloplasty- This is an operation that allows you to correct both the deformed and the mouth and nose muscles.
- rhino-chei lognatoplastyis one of the most difficult surgeries to correct a cleft lip. It is performed only when a person with this problem has a defect and deviation in the development of the jaw, that is, it does not grow properly. A bone transplant is performed for this purpose. Thanks to her, they can eliminate jaw defects and create the necessary framework for obtaining the desired shape.
Lip plastic after injury
It happens when a person severely damages his lip during unforeseen surgeries. This also requires surgical plastic surgery. In this case, resort to cheiloplasty. For this it is necessary to restore the mucous membrane and the muscles of the mouth. All of this must be done in a specific order. First the skin is sutured, the muscles are sutured. And only then the restoration of the mucous membrane occurs.
Does lip augmentation hurt?
The intensity of pain during the procedure depends on its sensitivity.
Even a slight injury to the surface of the lips causes pain.
In addition, many pain receptors are concentrated in the lips. In addition to individual sensitivity, the level of pain is influenced by factors such as the timing of the procedure, the presence of microcracks, colds and mental attitude.
Therefore, for some patients, lip augmentation is painful, while for others, the procedure causes little discomfort. However, the procedure is performed using an anesthetic that reduces discomfort.
Regardless of which lip augmentation technique is used, there are sometimes complications. But they are safe enough and can be easily repaired. Depending on the materials used and the type of operation performed, different consequences may arise.
With an injection increase, there may be an allergic reaction to the drugs used or infectious complications. Allergies occur when using biological agents. Thus, a person cannot be supplied with his tissues but, say, with another person's tissues that the body may "not like".
In order to prevent such a reaction, it is necessary to conduct a test for the appearance of allergies to drugs. This is done in the same way as the Mantoux test. The result can be known in 3-4 weeks.
Purulent inflammation may occur during an infectious complication. Complications are also possible when inserting silicone implants, but these can be easily removed again and the side effects quickly pass. Painful swelling and bleeding can occur during a lip reduction surgery.
Bleeding can occur due to injury to the vessels damaged during surgery. In order to avoid complications, you need to know for sure whether you can do plastic surgery in the right way, and be sure to tell the doctor about the drugs you use. Since some drugs can be incompatible with others, various complications arise.
The rehabilitation process
After the lips increase, unpleasant pain and swelling appear. To reduce them, experts prescribe lip care creams after plastic augmentation. In the first few days you have to make cold compresses and definitely not visit saunas, baths, etc.
It is suggested to massage the lips. In order not to damage your new lips, you must avoid any cosmetics for the first two weeks. And use sunscreen in the summer. Some people have a habit of licking their lips, after plastic surgery you should try to get rid of it.
How long does the result last?
The duration of the effect depends on the professionalism of the specialist, the quality of the composition and the individual characteristics of the organism.
After the first procedure, it is recommended to do a second one a year later. Subsequent lip augmentation lasts longer. But experts advise against getting involved with hyaluronic acid.
Its regular intake leads to the fact that the body no longer produces it itself. After a few years, the skin loses its elasticity, begins to age quickly and deep wrinkles appear.
advantages and disadvantages
Non-surgical lip augmentation has its pros and cons. The advantages of such a procedure include:
- Short durationProceedings. The introduction of the drug takes 20-30 minutes.
- lack of longRehabilitation.The recovery period lasts 1-3 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.
- Possibility of gradualintroductionsComposition. During a procedure, a specialist can administer only part of the drug.
- slowing down the processagingSkin.
- absencescarand scars.
- Getting rid ofWrinkles.With a lip augmentation you can only eliminate superficial wrinkles.
- increaseintensitylip colors. They take on a stronger shade of red.
- Possibility of correction after the interventionShape.
- nutritionand moisturizing lips.
Before deciding to have lip augmentation, it is important to understand the disadvantages of the procedure. First, it is high cost and pain. With regular lip augmentation, the body gradually stops producing its own hyaluronic acid, causing the skin to become wrinkled, saggy and lose elasticity.
The disadvantages of the procedure include a large number of side effects in the form of tissue swelling, bruising, bruising, the formation of neoplasms, pain and transparency of the composition.